Central Line-Associated Bloodstream infections (CLABSI) in California Hospitals

This dataset includes central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) data reported by California hospitals to the California Department of Public Health, Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAI) Program, via the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN). Hospital types include acute care, critical access, long-term acute care, free-standing rehabilitation hospitals, as well as acute rehabilitation units that report data separately.

CLABSI data for each hospital include the number of infections observed (reported) and predicted (based on national baseline data), the number of central line-days, the Standardized Infection Ratio (SIR) and associated 95% confidence intervals, and statistical interpretation to show whether CLABSI incidence was the same (no different), better (lower), or worse (higher) than the national baseline. Another performance measure in this dataset allows for tracking hospital progress in meeting national HAI reduction goals. Hospitals must have an SIR at or below incremental targets each year to be considered on track. California hospitals should achieve 50% reductions in CLABSI from 2015 to 2020. Central line insertion practices (CLIP) adherence percent for each hospital is calculated from data reported by all critical care locations (i.e., critical care areas, neonatal critical care, and one special care area, "Oncology - Medical/Surgical Critical Care").

CLABSI SIRs are influenced by clinical and infection control practices related to central line insertion and infection control maintenance practices, patient-based risk factors, and surveillance and reporting methods. Health and Safety Code section 1288.55(a)(2) requires general acute care hospitals to report to the California Department of Public Health (CDPH) all cases of CLABSI identified in their facilities.

For general information about NHSN, surveillance definitions, and reporting requirements for CLABSI, please visit: https://www.cdc.gov/nhsn/index.html

To link the CDPH facility IDs with those from other Departments, including OSHPD, please reference the "Licensed Facility Cross-Walk" Open Data table at: https://data.chhs.ca.gov/dataset/licensed-facility-crosswalk

For information about healthcare-associated infection prevention progress in California hospitals and statewide prevention goals, please visit: https://www.cdph.ca.gov/Programs/CHCQ/HAI/Pages/AnnualHAIReports.aspx

This dataset updates every year

Data and Resources

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